- Sustainable urban development
- FI / SV
The plan is to build approximately 13,500 new apartments in the former Malmi Airport area, at a rate of 400–600 per year.
The construction of the entire area will last for approximately 25–30 years. There are nearly ten different areas to be built, and each of them will be designed around a dedicated theme. According to the current target, house construction in the southern parts of the airport’s vicinity could begin in the early 2020s.
Schools, day-care centres, parks and a local centre with services will also be built in addition to the apartments. Initially, residents will find their daily services in the centre of Malmi, which will be rebuilt in stages and simultaneously with the construction of the airport area. In the future,the airport area may house an estimated 2,000 new jobs, mainly in the service sector.
The City of Helsinki is organising an open, international ideas competition regarding plans for Lentoasemanpuisto in the Malmi Airport area. The purpose of the competition is to find innovative, inspiring solutions that are practically, technically and financially feasible for the design of Lentoasemanpuisto. The park will be located in the new central park urban area and it is of great importance to the overall identity of the district.
The master plan for the Malmi Airport area is based on a comprehensive green network, which connects to the characteristics of the area; the runways, the open landscapes and the spacious views. The connections to the surrounding green areas will be improved and a new green connection will be established to Kivikko. The aim of the competition is to find an idea, which brings together the area’s cultural heritage, natural values and ecological diversity in a park plan of the future. The results of the competition will be utilised in the planning of both the temporary use and the final use.
The competition started on 11 May 2020 and it is arranged in co-operation with MARK, the Finnish Association of Landscape Architects. The competition documents are available for viewing at hel.fi/lentoasemanpuisto. The language of the competition is English.
The competition ends on 6 November 2020, after which the city residents can acquaint themselves with the competition works and comment on them in the Kerrokantasi (Voice your opinion) service. The result of the competition is announced in spring 2021.
During 2021, the focal points of the City’s operations will be the creation of detailed plans and related decision-making, the planning of the area’s streets and municipal technology and the preparation of other investments required for housing construction. The first projects to be launched will be related to preconstruction and the transfer of the main natural gas pipeline. The temporary use of the area will be extended after the end of air traffic operations: the former airport area will be opened to residents’ recreational use during 2021.
Goals for 2021
The Malmi Airport area is the most significant area of new development in the new city plan. It is being designed for approximately 25,000 residents, and preparations are made for the placement of some 2,000 jobs. Two new schools, several day-care centres and a new local centre with services will be made available to the new residents.
The area will be designed to be diverse and of a high standard, sustainable and urban, with different housing options. The area will be backed by good public transport connections, initially bus traffic.
The key public transport connection will be the Viikki-Malmi light rail line (ViiMa), which will run from the inner city via Viikki, through the former airport area into the centre of Malmi, all the way up to Malmi hospital. The planning for the ViiMa light rail line is under way, and its construction will take place towards the end of the 2020s. In line with the city plan, preparations are also made for the transverse Raide-Jokeri 2 connection, and for extending the light rail line network via Jakomäki towards Vantaa. Car and bus traffic will use the new Ilmasilta (Tattarisilta) interchange being built on Lahdenväylä.
A framework plan has been prepared for the Malmi Airport area; it is a legally non-relevant land use plan that is more general in nature than a local detailed plan and more detailed than the city plan. The framework plan follows the Helsinki city plan. The City Council approved the new city plan for Helsinki on 26 October 2016 and it became final on 8 November 2018. The framework plan outlines the blocks of buildings and green areas, the traffic solutions and the organisation of services and recreational facilities. The framework plan was completed in late 2016.
The framework plan is based on the park network, which takes into account the area’s strengths, such as memories of runways, open spaces and extended views. The network connects to the Kivikko outdoor park with a new light traffic bridge that crosses Lahdenväylä. A smooth, continuous outdoor route is being designed around the area.
The local detailed plans for the former Malmi Airport area are being created in stages, so that pre-construction for the first parts could begin in 2021. The implementation is expected to take some 25–30 years. The area will be zoned and implemented one sub-area at a time, making the neighbourhoods diverse and recognisable.
The area has three non-appealable local detailed plans: The local detailed plans for the Airport buildings, the Tattarisilta interchange and the Fallkulla farm. In 2020, the local detailed plan changes for the first residential areas will be presented for decision-making – Nallenrinne to the City Council and Lentoasemankorttelit to the Urban Environment committee. From 2020 onwards, the focus of land use planning will shift westward into new local detailed plan areas.
According to current plans, housing construction in the Malmi Airport area will begin in the early 2020s. The city wants to ensure that the area remains in active and diverse use both before and during the construction.
While land use planning is being completed and construction proceeds, Malmi Airport will serve the residents of Helsinki as an area for events and hobbies that spans dozens of hectares. In addition, the area will feature storage facilities supporting construction as well as other activities.
The city has drawn up a general plan guiding the interim use of the airport area for the next ten years. The general plan presents the locations for the new and existing outdoor routes and the areas reserved for the different functions.
Malmi Airport’s lease agreement for aviation purposes has been terminated on 31 December 2019.
The former Malmi Airport has approximately one hundred hectares of open asphalt and lawn – longitudinally, the airport measures some 1.8 kilometres. A total of over 300 hectares of land will be released for construction in the future.
There are more than 30 buildings in the former Malmi Airport and its immediate vicinity. These include warehouses, shelters and service buildings for vehicles, office facilities and residential buildings. Most of the facilities are currently rented.
Most of the buildings were transferred under the ownership and control of the city of Helsinki at the turn of 2016 and 2017. The buildings and premises will remain rented for as long as the construction schedule allows it.
A report created in 2015 described the buildings and surroundings of the airport. The airport building and hangar completed in the 1930s are nationally and locally significant buildings of cultural importance, and they are protected in the local detailed plan for the Airport buildings. No decisions have been made yet on the final use of the buildings.
City Executive Office:
General area development: Kimmo Kuisma, Project Manager, tel. +358 (0)9 310 25808
Urban environment sector:
Organising events: renting of event area, hangar and terminal’s lower lobby, Merja Sorakari, tel. +358 (0)9 310 33988.
Renting of other premises: Ritva Autio, tel. +358 (0)9 310 31992
Land use planning: Kaisa Jama, tel. +358 (0)9 310 22980
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